The first Tower “Guaita”
The “Guaita" is the first San Marino fort to become a place of historical interest
The First of the three Towers
San Marino has three Towers: the Guaita, the Cesta and the Montale.
The Guaita is the oldest and is believed to have provided refuge for the first inhabitants of San Marino, around the year one thousand.
Seen from a distance, the First Tower makes a truly impressive visual impact in its sumptuous majesty, protecting its lands, rocks and inhabitants.
The word "Guaita" is in fact still used among the local inhabitants and means "to guard". The Fort was built for defensive purposes and two walls protect it: an outer one with corner reinforcement towers and an inner one that houses the military buildings, a well, the chapel of Santa Barbara, the Bell Tower and the Pen Tower.
The three Towers are the three "pens" symbol of San Marino, depicted everywhere as defenders of the freedom of San Marino.
In the Republic of San Marino you enjoy a breathtaking view from every corner, but from the First Tower, located on the promontory, the view is truly spectacular, a thrill for even the most hardened of visitors.
From above, the dizzying cliff edges and square rock create a magical and almost surreal combination. Absolutely one of the most beautiful places in which to take a panoramic photo.
Inside and out
Before entering the fortress through the great arch, you can see the old raising chains of the drawbridge used in medieval times.
Once you have crossed the entrance, on the left you see the small church dedicated to Santa Barbara also called "Cappella della Rocca". Dating back to 1960, it is connected to the stairway that allows you to walk along the perimeter wall and observe the city from a privileged perspective.
The tour continues with a visit to the prisons (small rooms used as a refuge by the men who guarded the city) and the Mastio, which can be reached by way of a staircase, and from which a truly exciting view can then be enjoyed.
The Tower, enlarged and restored in various periods, was of the greatest importance and efficiency in the fifteenth century during the war against the Malatesta family of Rimini, in 1463. For several centuries right up to 1975, it was used as a prison.
Information on National Museums Tickets
The National Museums include: First Tower, Second Tower, Public Palace, State Museum, St Francis Museum, National Gallery, Museum of Stamps and Money (next opening) during opening hours to the public. Times may vary, even without notice. It is recommended to contact the Cultural Institutes to check the opening hours.
• children and teenagers aged 6-18
• university students showing their card
• adult senior aged over 65
• organized school groups
• organized groups of more than 25 people
The Cultural Institutes may verify the requirements for the reduction.
• children under 6
• disabled visitors and their accompanying carers
• ICOM members showing their card
• journalists showing their card
• San Marino citizens and residents with ID
• San Marino University students showing their card