19 March 2022

Napoleon, the Republic, the Republics (1797-1805)

Relations between San Marino, Bonaparte and the sister Republics


Between the end of the 1700s and the early 1800s, the political structure of the Italian peninsula had been drastically changed by the arrival of the French army led by the young General Napoleon Bonaparte. Republics were born throughout the territory animated by the new ideals coming from beyond the Alps. The Republic of San Marino, which until then had had the State of the Church as its primary interlocutor, starting from 1797 found itself in the conditions of having to dialogue with these new political entities: the Cisalpine Republic (later the Italian Republic) to the north, the Roman Republic to the south.

The exhibition, curated by the San Marino Cultural Institutes, brings together a conspicuous selection of archival documents, book material and museum relics reflecting the enormous importance that the historical events of the Napoleonic age had for the small Republic of San Marino and the fundamental recognition of its autonomy from Napoleon himself and from the other main interlocutors with whom San Marino interacted, above all Professor Gaspard Monge and General Sahuguet.

A focus will be reserved for the figure of Antonio Onofri, a San Marino politician and diplomat who played a pivotal role in the Napoleonic affair and one for Antonio Canova on the occasion of the bicentenary of his death (Venice, 13 October 1822).

The exhibition focuses in particular on the first period of the Napoleonic age, from 1797 to 1805, but it also offers a significant overview of the continuation of relations between San Marino and the French after the end of the Republics and the advent of the Kingdom of Italy.

19 March 2022 - 04 September 2022
9.30 to 18.30 (last entrance 18.00)

Museo Pinacoteca San Francesco
Via Basilicius
47890 Città di San Marino

Price: free admission to the exhibition
Promoter: Cultural Institutes Scientific contact: State Archives of the Republic of San Marino In collaboration with the Department of History, Culture and History of San Marino of the University of the Republic of San Marino - San Marino Center for Historical Studies
reservation not required


Museo Pinacoteca San Francesco
Via Basilicius
47890 Città di San Marino