First Tower "Guaita"

The “Guaita" is the first San Marino fort to become a place of historical interest

The First of the three Towers

San Marino has three Towers: the Guaita, the Cesta and the Montale.
The Guaita is the oldest and is believed to have provided refuge for the first inhabitants of San Marino, around the year one thousand.
Seen from a distance, the First Tower makes a truly impressive visual impact in its sumptuous majesty, protecting its lands, rocks and inhabitants.
The word "Guaita" is in fact still used among the local inhabitants and means "to guard". The Fort was built for defensive purposes and two walls protect it: an outer one with corner reinforcement towers and an inner one that houses the military buildings, a well, the chapel of Santa Barbara, the Bell Tower and the Feather Tower.


The three Towers are the three "feathers" symbol of San Marino, depicted everywhere as defenders of the freedom of the Republic.

Privileged position

In the Ancient Land of Liberty you can enjoy a breathtaking view from every corner, but from the First Tower, located on the promontory, the view is truly spectacular, a thrill for even the most hardened of visitors.
From above, the dizzying cliff edges and square rock create a magical and almost surreal combination. Absolutely one of the most beautiful places in which to take a panoramic photo.

Inside and out

Before entering the fortress through the great arch, you can see the old raising chains of the drawbridge used in medieval times.
Once you have crossed the entrance, on the left you see the small church dedicated to Santa Barbara also called "Cappella della Rocca". Dating back to 1960, it is connected to the stairway that allows you to walk along the perimeter wall and observe the city from a privileged perspective.
The tour continues with a visit to the prisons (small rooms used as a refuge by the men who guarded the city) and the Mastio, which can be reached by way of a staircase, and from which a truly exciting view can then be enjoyed.


The First Tower, enlarged and restored in various periods, reached its greatest importance and efficiency in the fifteenth century during the war against the Malatesta family of Rimini, in 1463. For several centuries until 1975, it was used as a prison.

Salita alla Rocca – 47890 Città di San Marino, San Marino
From 2 January to 10 June and from 10 September to 31 December: 9.00-17.00. From 11 June to 9 September: 9.30-18.30. Closed on 25 December and 1 January
€ 8.00 valid for admission to two museums of your choice; reduced price € 6.00 valid for admission to two museums of your choice (groups of more than 25 people - school groups - over 65 - children and teenagers from 6 to 18 years - university students upon presentation of a card); combined museum pass ticket full price € 10.00 for admission to 1st Tower, 2nd Tower, Public Palace (if open), State Museum, Pinacoteca San Francesco, National Gallery, Stamps and Coins Museum; reduced combined museum pass ticket € 8.00. Free admission on the following dates: 5 February, 25 March,1 April, 7 July, 3 September, 27 September, 1 October, Celebration of the European Heritage Day (based on annual calendar).
buy your ticket

Information on National Museums Tickets

The National Museums include: First Tower, Second Tower, Public Palace, State Museum, St Francis Museum, National Gallery, Stamp and Coin Museum during opening hours to the public. Times may vary, even without notice. It is recommended to contact the Cultural Institutes to check the opening hours.

Reduced ticket
•    children and teenagers aged 6-18
•    university students showing their card
•    adult senior aged over 65
•    organized school groups
•    organized groups of more than 25 people
The Cultural Institutes may verify the requirements for the reduction.

Free entry
•    children under 6
•    disabled visitors and their accompanying carers
•    ICOM members showing their card
•    journalists showing their card
•    San Marino citizens and residents with ID
•    San Marino University students showing their card

  • How to get there


Prima Torre "Guaita"
Salita alla Rocca
47890 Città di San Marino
San Marino


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